Located about 10 km outside of Weimar is the site of the former Buchenwald concentration camp (1937 - 1945). It is now a memorial site with a variety of exhibitions, educational programs and tours, centering on the fate of the more than 240,000 inmates and the 56,000 casualties of the camp. From the perspective of the Nazis the establishment of such a camp was not in conflict, but in keeping with their idea of a "German culture" in the classical city of Weimar - while the Jewish actors and musicians were not allowed to stay on at the Theatre in Weimar, seats were reserved in the stands for members of the Buchenwald SS.
In a conscious distancing from this ideology of inequality, the city and the memorial alike today seek to support discriminated groups and award an internationally acclaimed human rights prize annually in Weimar.
Also shown at the memorial are the history of the Soviet Special Camp, which existed on the same site from 1945 to 1950, and of the "Nationale Mahn- und Gedenkstätte" (the official memorial of the GDR, established in 1958).
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